Many people tend to develop acne and scars, considered to be forever twins. Acne outbursts can be quite painful. But the subsequent scars that remain on the skin make it appear lifeless and dull. It is also unsightly and makes the person feel embarrassed when among the crowd.
It is quite natural for the skin to get clogged with dead skin cells, dirt, and oil. This results in acne formation. As bacteria enter such pores, it causes swelling as well as breaking the follicle wall. Red bumps emerge filled with pus. Also are experienced minor acne breakouts like whiteheads and blackheads.
Skin scarring is caused by inflamed acne, generally associated with a human psychological impact like pain and low self-esteem experienced by the person. Scars are mostly developed due to acne amounting to about 90%. Although several treatment options are available to cure acne scars, the type of treatment depends on the scar type that you have developed. This can be a difficult task. Getting to know about acne scars in detail can help treat them properly, quickly, and painlessly. The treatment will also help derive the very best outcome.
About Acne Scars
If you try to squeeze the pustules or papules with your hands, then the acne scars can spread easily throughout the body. Squeezing them can also be painful and may cause bleeding in the case of deeply seated nodules. On picking the pimple, pus is likely to spill over and spread around, thereby resulting in more infection. Acne scars medically are of three types.
- Hypertrophic scarring: They are considered to be cutaneous scars developing collagen in excess amounts at the origin of acne. Thus, it appears like a raised scar. They contain blood vessels and nerves. However, the raised scars level is somewhat lesser when compared to keloids. It also is quite common and develops after the injury within 6-8 weeks. No treatment will be necessary as it fades away on its own.
- Keloidal scarring: At times, there may develop mass raised lumpy tissue upon the skin surface referred to as Keloids. They are the result of excess production of collagen by the body to heal severe acne. This type requires removal treatment or will stay back.
- Atrophic scarring: They are considered to be depressed scars taking the shape of small depression or holes in the skin. It is quite similar in appearance to that of chickenpox scars. It develops if the skin is not in a position to regenerate the tissue, thereby resulting in imbalanced scarring. They are of three types:
- Ice pick
Is it possible to treat Acne Scars completely?
The fact is that acne scars are considered to be permanent features. However, it is possible to reduce the scarring effect by consulting a qualified dermatologist. Using the best scar soap for skin like No Scars Soap can also help to reduce acne scars. There are several common procedures available to treat acne scars, like:
- Resurfacing techniques:
- Salicylic acid peeling: It is also called the chemical peeling technique. In this procedure, the acne site is applied with a chemical solution like salicylic acid. Doing so helps to peel the acne off. It helps clear skin cells, dirt, and other debris that causes acne development on the skin pores. It also reduces redness and swelling in the affected area, thus reducing scarring appearance. It is found to be beneficial to treat all types of scars and hence, a wonderful addition to the regular skin care regimen, especially for those who have acne-prone skin. However, people having sensitive skin are to first test the product that contains this acid on another area of their skin before it is used on the acne-affected part. This is to check if it causes irritation or dryness.
- Tea peeling: Acne can be peeled from the surface by applying green tea extracts on the surface.
- Several advanced treatments are offered to cure acne scars like CO2 (Carbon-di-oxide) laser resurfacing, dermabrasion, fractional laser therapy, laser resurfacing, etc.
- Microdermabrasion: This minimally invasive technique is used to eliminate depressed scars which otherwise lie flat on the skin surface.
- Surgical techniques: It helps cure both active as well as post-acne scars.
- Succession: This type is also called subcutaneous incisional surgery. To treat box-car scars, it is considered to be the best available treatment. There is inserted a hypodermic needle through the skin to break the scar’s fibrotic strands and deposit new collagen. The skin surface improves significantly and heals the acne scar.
- Punch excision: This method requires the doctor to cut the affected skin to eliminate acne scars. Then the wound area is stitched closed. Skin grafting techniques are also offered. In this process, the skin is taken from other body parts in small amounts and is used to close the wound location.
- Medication: The doctor may recommend using a topical solution for treating acne-prone skin. The solution helps reduce underlying infection as well as eliminates acne lesions. It also helps lighten up the skin pigments.
- A gel is recommended to treat inflammatory acne.
- Antibiotics are also recommended in extreme cases to destroy excess bacteria as well as reduce redness in the affected part.
- Acne scars caused by depression can be effectively lifted with dermal fillers implantation. The dermal fillers get injected into the affected region to stimulate the production of collagen production.
- Dermal filler’s safety and tolerability depend on the implantation quality used.
- The best permanent type dermal filler that is used to reduce acne scars is medical-grade silicone.
Some common home remedies to treat Acne Scar
- Turmeric, the commonly found kitchen item is considered to be a natural antiseptic. It should be used for cleansing the face as it helps prevent bacterial infection.
- Shea butter, coconut oil, honey, aloe Vera gel, lemon juice, etc. are to be applied on the face regularly to eliminate acne scars.
- Water and apple cider vinegar mixture is applied to the acne-affected region. Then after 15 minutes clean it. It helps destroy bacteria present in acne and provides relief from scars.
- Dead skin cells present on the skin surface can be cleaned by using lactic acid. While reducing the scar’s impact, it also provides a smooth skin texture. This acid is present in several household items, like apple cider diluted vinegar, thus being an affordable solution to treat acne scars. It also helps to lighten the dark scar tissue. However, at times, it may result in hyper-pigmentation.
- Supplements having fish-oil should be taken regularly as it helps avoid acne outbursts.
- It would also be useful to avoid going out in the harsh sun as doing will help reduce acne scar impact.
- Post outburst, you should not use a strong soap to rub it on the skin when taking bath or scrub it very hard.
- You need to consume healthy well-balanced food and drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated all the time.
- If you have mixed or oily skin tone, then cleanse your skin frequently as it helps prevent bacterial infection.
You can also use the best soaps for acne-prone skin like No Scars to reduce scars without experiencing any pain or spending a fortune.