Dark or black spots on the skin are also known as hyperpigmentation, solar lentigines, age spots, or liver spots. It depends on their cause and they can emerge at any time, but most often they do appear in middle age.
These are small dark areas on your skin. These vary in size and usually appear on the face, shoulders, hands, and arms. In simple words, they emerge in the areas most exposed to the sun. These spots are absolutely common in adults older than 50. But younger people might get them too, mainly in case they spend a lot of time in the sun. Also, remember that these spots can look like cancerous growths. But true age black spots are harmless and do not need treatment. For cosmetic reasons, these dark, black, or age spots can get lightened with skin-bleaching products, creams, or removed.
Most often, these marks are a consequence of past sun exposure or that of artificial UV light that gets used in tanning beds. The marks are also associated with certain skin conditions and might emerge as a side effect of some medications as well. Dark spots are usually harmless, but there are times when they might be cancerous.[ you can also get rid of them and at least lighten them if you so desire.
You can always look for good quality and effective black marks removal cream. It would definitely heal your marks and ensure that your skin is flawless and clean. You know these black or dark spots are an outcome of the overproduction or collection of melanin (skin pigment) or free radical damage.
It happens because of exposure to UV light
No matter from the sun or from an artificial source that of tanning beds—is the most apparent cause. Hyperpigmentation often begins to take hold during middle age when the skin begins to show the consequences of sun exposure, mainly if sunscreen and other sun-protective measures were not getting used. People having light hair or skin, and who have had extreme and many types of sunburn are at specific risk.
In other words, black or age spots are triggered by overactive pigment cells. Ultraviolet (UV) light accelerates the formation of melanin. On the zones of skin that have had years of frequent and lengthy sun exposure. These spots appear when melanin turns out to be “clumped” or is generated in high concentrations.
Different skin conditions
There is a myriad of different skin conditions and diseases that can trigger dark spots and areas, though these are not at all the same as age-related dark spots.
- Linea nigra: it is a dark, vertical line that displays lengthwise down the middle of the abdomen during the time of pregnancy
- Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: it is a skin discoloration following an inflammatory lesion, such as acne
- Melasma: it is also known as pregnancy mask
- Chloasma: Darkened skin because of hormonal changes
- Erythromelanosis Follicularis: it is a condition that’s underlined by reddish-brown pigmentation of face and neck
- Riehl’s Melanosis: it is a form of contact dermatitis that’s considered to be triggered by sun exposure
- Poikiloderma of Civatte: A benign situation that turns parts of the neck into a reddish-brown shade.
- Medications: specific kinds of medications can cause dark spots because they make the skin oversensitive to sun exposure.
There can other causes too like:
- Liver disease
- Addison’s disease
- Pituitary tumors
- Hemochromatosis (excessive iron)
What is the treatment for black or dark marks?
You know dark spots do not hurt and they have the same texture as that of the rest of your skin. Most of the time these do not pose any health risks, so you might not have to get rid of them, although various people choose for cosmetic purposes. Dark or black spots can get diminished or removed completely with prescription drugs, medical procedures, proper creams, and at-home treatments.
How can you prevent it?
As you age, dark or black spots may be inevitable. However, the finest way to help avoid getting dark spots or to avert the faded ones from returning can be like:
Be diligent and prudent about wearing and reapplying sunscreen. You should apply it every two hours or sooner in case you have been swimming or sweating profusely. Indeed, you can help avert these age or black spots by regularly using sunscreen and evading the sun.
The point is you should apply the cream fifteen to 30 minutes before you step out, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen that caters protection from both UVA and UVB light. Make use of a sunscreen having a sun protection factor (SPF) of a minimum of 30. Apply sunscreen generously, and make it a point to reapply every two hours- or it should be more often if you are actually swimming or perspiring. You can find the best sunscreen under the realm of No Scars. They have the best creams for all skin types.
It would be good if you cover up whenever you are outdoors. It would be good if you wear a hat (broad-brimmed is the finest), long sleeves, and pants. The proper covering would definitely keep you safe and protected for sure.
In simple words, for total protection from the sun, it would be good if you wear tightly woven clothing that does cover up your arms and legs and a broad-brimmed hat, that caters more protection than does a baseball cap or that of a golf visor. It would be again good if you consider wearing clothing designed to cater to sun protection. In this way, you would shield your skin in the best manner. No matter how long you have to stay in the sun on some days, if you are wearing the right clothes and taking the best precautions; you can keep yourself safe.
Avoid peak sun hours
If you can then you should avoid the peak hours of the Sun. UV exposure is usually massive between the hours of 10 am to 2 pm.
Are there any symptoms?
Well, remember that these black or age spots could affect people of all skin types, but these are more common in people having light skin.
- Are flat, oval areas of increased pigmentation
- Are usually tan, brown or black
- Emerge on the skin that has had the most sun exposure over the months or years, such as the backs of hands, tops of the feet, face, shoulders and even upper back
- Age or black spots range from freckle size to that of about a 1/2 inch across and can bunch together, making them a lot more noticeable.
Who is at risk?
Anyone can develop these age or black spots, but you could be more likely to develop the condition in case you:
- Have red hair and that of light skin
- Have a history of recurrent or intense sun exposure or sunburn
So, you should look for a good black spot removal cream and start applying it on the affected areas. Also, keep the things in mind that are discussed in this post for the best outcomes. After all, your skin is your responsibility and you can keep it in the best shape.