Skin problems are not good, as they not only impact a person’s skin appearance but also his self-confidence. This is because such a person becomes too much conscious about his skin because of it being the most visible part of the human body. Scars are one such problem. A person may be having scars because of plenty of reasons, on the basis of which scars are usually divided into many categories. One such type of scar is Keloid. In this article, we are going to discuss every important thing about Keloid and Keloid skin removal, so that you can take suitable actions in dealing with them if you are having such an issue. So, without any further delay, let’s get started.
What is Keloid?
Whenever our skin gets injured, then the scar tissue, which is basically a type of fibrous tissue, forms over the wound in order to repair and protect the injury or the damage to the skin. In some of the cases, extra tissues of such kind are formed over the injury, which creates a smooth and hard growth known as Keloid. Such Keloids or scars occur were surgery, trauma, vaccinations, blisters, body piercing or acne have injured the skin of the body. Keloids are much different from normal scars in terms of size and composition. Some people may be more prone to Keloids because of the nature of their skin cells.
Cases of the Keloids are more common in the African-American people. These scars mostly occur on the upper back, shoulders or chest. But it is not necessary that Keloids will occur only at these specific places and they can occur anywhere. If the Keloid scar has occurred because of any kind of injury, then the keloid keeps on becoming larger and more visible even after the actual wound has been closed, until it reaches its final form. The chances of Keloid scars are usually equal in men or women, but it can be said that most of the cases are associated with young women with pierced ears. Although Keloids are not harmful from the health perspective, there are chances that they may create cosmetic concerns.
Symptoms of the Keloid
Following are some of the major symptoms of the Keloid scars: –
- A ridged or lumpy area of the skin which is usually raised
- A localized skin area which is flesh-colored, red or pink
- An area of the skin where the scar tissue goes on growing over time
- An itchy skin patch
- Smooth, shiny and rounded skin elevations, which may be purple, pink or brown
Causes of the Keloid scar
Cause of the Keloid scar may be any. Some of the major causes of the Keloid are discussed below: –
- Burns: Sometimes that area of the skin which had a burnt a few days back because of any reason, such as fire or hot metal, gets the burn marks. These burn marks after some time start developing into a keloid, which gets bigger and bigger with the time. Such kinds of Keloids which resulted because of the burns may be dark in color.
- Acne scars: Almost everyone faces or have faced the problem of acne. Sometimes acne leaves a scar behind itself, which after some time gradually becomes a Keloid. This is one of the major causes of keloid scars. Thus, one should try to avoid acne.
- Chickenpox scars: In the case of chickenpox, one has to bear the painful dots all around the body, which tends to leave marks or scars on the body even after these dots are gone. Any of these scars may result in a Keloid on the body. This is the reason why many precautions are instructed by the doctor even after the chickenpox sign are gone in the patient.
- Ear piercing: Some people may be surprised to know it, but ear piercing may also be one of the causes of the Keloid scar. When a person gets his ear pierced, it may disturb the skin cells and may create a scar tissue growth-over on the pierced area. Usually, the African-American people do many piercings in their skin because of the prevalent customs there, that’s why they are more prone to the Keloids.
- Surgical incision sites: If you have undergone any kind of surgery, then proper care of the area which was treated should be taken as chances are there that it will result in a Keloid in that particular area.
- Vaccination sites: vaccination also leaves some small scars on the human skin, in response to which the scar tissue may overgrow and can create a Keloid.
These were some of the major causes which may give rise to the keloid scars.
Treatment of the keloid
You can find the best keloid treatment available, the help of which can be taken in order to deal with the problem of the Keloid scar. These are as below: –
- Conventional surgery: This treatment can be used in order to remove the keloids, but proper care should be taken while getting conventional surgeries done as they can make the situation worse also. This is because if the Keloids re-appear after the surgery, then they may be even larger than before. Also, the chances of the re-appearance of the Keloids even after the surgery are 45%. Thus, one should think wisely before taking this step.
- Dressings: Wound coverings made of the silicone gel sheets can reduce the size of the keloids as compared to before. This has been proved by many studies that have been conducted in the past. Moreover, this technique is much safer and painless.
- Corticosteroid injections: Corticosteroid injections can also be used to deal with the issue of Keloids. These injections are usually repeated at the intervals of the 4 to 6 weeks in order to reduce the irritation and the size of the Keloids. But one issue is that the injections are painful and uncomfortable.
- Compression: This technique is used to apply pressure continuously on the wound, for a period of 6 to 12 months and 24 hours a day. This is usually done with the help of a tape or bandage. It helps in reducing the size of the keloids. For example: If after the ear piercing, the person faces the issue of the Keloid, then a clip called “Zimmer Splint” is used in order to create pressure on the Keloid and to reduce its size.
- Radiation therapy: This therapy is not that much trustworthy as radiation can increase the chances of cancer in the person. However, this therapy can actually reduce the scar size if such a technique is used after the surgery, during the healing process of the wound.
One bonus remedial measure is also here for people suffering from the problem of the Keloid scar. This is in the form of NoScars cream, which is an effective product for tackling the problem of Keloids. This product is basically a pigmentation reducing cream which is loaded with the power of 3 active ingredients Tretinoin, Hydroquinone and Mometasone. These ingredients help in providing anti-inflammatory benefits to the skin. If you are suffering from the Keloid scars, then this cream can be used in order to reduce their effect. This cream can be used even just after a scar has been created after an injury, in order to reduce the chances of occurrence of Keloids. Also, this cream is much affordable as compared to the other expensive treatments. This is probably the best keloid scar treatment.